Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is a neurobiological disorder. Typically children with AD/HD have developmentally inappropriate behavior, including poor attention skills, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. These characteristics arise in early childhood, typically before age 7, are chronic, and last at least 6 months. Children with AD/HD may also experience problems in the areas of social skills and self-esteem. Edit

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Frequency of ADHD in School Age Children Edit

 AD/HD is estimated to affect between 3-5 % of the school-aged population. Even though the exact cause of AD/HD remains unknown, it is known that AD/HD is a neurobiologically based disorder. Scientific evidence suggests that AD/HD is genetically transmitted and in many cases results from a chemical imbalance or deficiency in certain neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that help the brain regulate behavior.

Myths About ADHDEdit

Myth # 1: All kids with ADHD are hyperactive

Myth # 2: Kids with ADHD can never pay attention

Myth # 3: Kids with ADHD could behave better if they wanted to

Myth # 4: Kids will eventually grow out of ADHD

Myth # 5: Medication is the best treatment option for ADHD

Symptoms of Inattention in Children Edit

  • Doesn’t pay attention to details
  • Makes careless mistakes
  • Has trouble staying focused; is easily distracted
  • Appears not to listen when spoken to
  • Has difficulty remembering things and following instructions
  • Has trouble staying organized, planning ahead, and finishing projects
  • Gets bored with a task before it’s completed
  • Frequently loses or misplaces homework, books, toys, or other items                                                 

Hyperactive Signs and Symptoms of ADHD Edit

The most obvious sign of ADD/ADHD is hyperactivity. While many children are naturally quite active, kids with hyperactive symptoms of attention deficit disorder are always moving.

They may try to do several things at once, bouncing around from one activity to the next. Even when forced to sit still which can be very difficult for them their foot is tapping, their leg is shaking, or their fingers are drumming.

Symptoms of hyperactivity in children:Edit

Child at playground 2
  • Constantly fidgets and squirms
  • Often leaves his or her seat in situations where sitting quietly is expected
  • Moves around constantly, often runs or climbs inappropriately
  • Talks excessively
  • Has difficulty playing quietly or relaxing
  • Is always “on the go,” as if driven by a motor
  • May have a quick temper or a “short fuse”

Impulsive Signs and Symptoms of ADHD Edit

The impulsivity of children with ADD/ADHD can cause problems with self-control. Because they censor themselves less than other kids do, they’ll interrupt conversations, invade other people’s space, ask irrelevant questions in class, make tactless observations, and ask overly personal questions.

Instructions like “Be patient” and “Just wait a little while” are twice as hard for children with ADD/ADHD to follow as they are for other youngsters.

Children with impulsive signs and symptoms of ADD/ADHD also tend to be moody and to overreact emotionally. As a result, others may start to view the child as disrespectful, weird, or needy.

Symptoms of impulsivity in children:Edit

  • Acts without thinking
  • Blurts out answers in class without waiting to be called on or hear the whole question
  • Can’t wait for his or her turn in line or in games
  • Says the wrong thing at the wrong time
  • Often interrupts others
  • Intrudes on other people’s conversations or games
  • Inability to keep powerful emotions in check, resulting in angry outbursts or temper tantrums
  • Guesses, rather than taking time to solve a problem

Strategies for Teaching Students with ADHDEdit

ADHD kinesthetic learning pic

Kinesthetic learning encourages student focus and academic engagement

  • Allow students to stand at their desk
  • Integrate kinesthetic learning into your lesson plans as much as possible, to help keep her student with ADHD focused and engaged
  • Permit a student to listen to your instructions while walking around in the back of the classroom, in an area where he/she is not disturbing other students
  • Give students a squishy ball to squeeze, surreptitiously, while sitting at his/her desk, to provide a physical outlet
  • Seat the student away from the windows and door
  • Give step-by-step instructions, repeat instructions as needed, and write them on the board
  • Reduce the number of timed tests and use other quality forms of assessment 
  • Use props, charts, and other visual aids
  • Have an unobtrusive cue set up with the student who has ADHD, such as a touch
    on the shoulder or placing a sticky note on the student’s desk, to remind the student to
    stay on task
  • Allow a student with ADHD frequent breaks

References Edit

(n.d). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Retrieved from

(n.d.). Exploring Practitioner Voices from Full-Day Kindergarten. Retrieved from


(2009). Preventing Accidental Injury. Retrieved from


(n.d). Teaching Students with ADHD. Retrieved from


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